Water is a plentiful resource, but it is not always available for human use in the quantities or at the quality, time and place required.

Only about 2,5% of the world’s water is freshwater. Of that, less than 1% is accessible via surface sources and aquifers – the rest is locked up in glaciers and ice caps, or is deep underground.


sources: Shiklomanov (1993); UN FAO Aquastat database

Energy production requires large water volumes: worldwide increasing demand for energy and diminishing availability of freshwater pose challenges to ensure sustainability.

At European level, while water is in general abundant, water scarcity still affects some regions in particular during summer. On the basis of an EEA assessment in 2012, the good ecological status aimed by the European water framework directive (WFD) was reached only in 53% of the cases.  In most cases “water abstraction” was one of the factors that affected  the quality of water bodies.

Matching has the objective to propose solutions that can contrast this trend. The technologies that will be developed will have a wide field of application, not only within the European context, but even abroad, and particularly in those countries that are facing water scarcity problems.